Rozan-ji Temple, Kyoto

Situated on Teramachi, just east of Kyoto's Imperial Palace, Rozanji temple's precincts were the home of Murasaki Shikibu's father, Fujiwara Tametoki. A tile from the original structure can be seen at the temple.

Rozanji temple

Lanterns in front of the hondo at Rozanji temple.

Mentioned in The Diary of Lady Murasaki, the residence is probably where Murasaki wrote much of The Tale of Genji. Her great grandfather, Lord Fujiwara Kanesuke, had built a mansion which was known as the mansion of Tsutsumi-chunagon, and it was here that she was born, raised, led her brief married life and gave birth to an only child - a girl named Kenko.

Rozanji Temple Garden Wall

The moss and gravel garden at Rozan-ji temple is planted with bellflowers.

Rozanji Temple was built in the year 938 on a hill called Funaokayama situated at the northern outskirts of Kyoto by the priest Ganzan Daishi. It is one of the four temples that had an okurodo (a private Buddhist chapel of the imperial family originally located in the Imperial Palace). These temples belonged directly to the Imperial Court as does Rozanji today.

When warlord Oda Nobunaga attacked those temples with fire in 1571, Rozanji escaped destruction. Afterwards the temple was moved to its present location and rebuilt. Its main temple and the other edifices were reconstructed in obedience to the imperial command of Emperor Kokaku. They stand now as a monument to the last buildings constructed under the imperial command.

A portion of the mud walls built for the purpose of guarding Kyoto still remains in the grounds of the temple. Many men of renown who lived in the Edo period are buried in these precincts, among them Emperor Kyoko, the father of Emperor Kokaku, Princess Horegein, and many princes and princesses, as well as Jocho Busshi, the outstanding Heian-era sculptor of Buddhist statuary.

Every year on the 2nd or 3rd of February, called the day of Setsubun, an ancient court ceremony of "driving out the demons" is held at the temple. This ceremony is famous as one of the annual traditions in Kyoto.

Rozanji Temple Garden Rock

Visitors can sit and enjoy the garden.

Rozanji Temple Hondo

Three bell ropes hang in front of Rozanji temple's hondo.

Rozanji Temple Gate

Gate.

Rozanji Temple Garden

The moss and gravel garden at Rozan-ji temple is planted with bellflowers.



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